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Low Frequency Active Sonar Performance in the Arctic Beaufort Lens

Scott Carper, S.M., 2017
Henrik Schmidt, Advisor

A newly discovered double ducted acoustic environment present throughout much of the Beaufort Sea in the Arctic has a major effect on active acoustic transmissions.  This work performs an in depth analysis of how the lower duct impacts the propagation of various active signals used commonly for acoustic communications or active sonar.  First, this thesis performs a thorough modal analysis of the effect of the double ducted environment on long range propagation of a 300 Hz and 3500 Hz pulse.  Signal excess is determined for the two different source pulses to quantify the effect of the lower duct on noise and SNR.  Finally, channel capacity is calculated for the two frequency bands to evaluate operational impacts of the lower duct on acoustic communication systems in the Arctic.